Our Work

 
Field researcher doing fieldwork in mangroves

Camphora works with our partners to conduct biodiversity baseline studies within terrestrial, aquatic, mangrove and marine ecosystems to understand the impacts of future developments on these ecosystems. Our assessments help developers to refine development plans that reduce impacts on biodiversity and create new habitats wherever possible.

Biodiversity Impact Assessments

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Collect & analyse baseline biodiversity data 

By mapping the vegetation found onsite and conducting surveys to identify the fauna species present, we identify key habitats and sensitive floral and faunal receptors that would be affected by proposed construction works for development projects.

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Predict & evaluate impact on biodiversity

By comparing project design to identified receptors, we evaluate the impact of specific construction works on important habitats as well as sensitive floral and faunal groups onsite. This is done in consideration of larger, long-term conservation efforts within the local context. 

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Propose mitigation measures

We work with clients, architects, landscape architects and engineers, technical agencies and representatives from nature groups, to recommend design solutions to conserve key important habitats identified onsite and to prescribe site specific measures necessary to safeguard biodiversity and enhance wildlife connectivity.

Notable Projects

man with lifejacket standing on the shoreline of Pulau Ubin

Pulau Ubin Shoreline Works & Coastal Boardwalk

pair of sunda slow loris in tree

Thomson Nature Park

Man standing in ferns cross island line

Cross Island Line Phase 2

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Lim Chu Kang Region

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Keppel &

Surrounding Areas

Camphora works with consultants and contractors to formulate adaptive Environmental Management and Monitoring Plans to reduce risk of excessive habitat loss, fauna mortality and human wildlife conflicts. In addition to setting up frameworks and conducting regular surveys throughout the duration of the construction works, our team is equipped to recommend specific solutions based on project conditions and situations.

Palm Oil Arborculture chainsaw tree trimming

Environmental Management & Monitoring

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Reforestation & transplanting works

Where there are plants of conservation significance, we identify individuals for harvesting and transplant and prepare method statements inline with specific needs of different species. In larger forested sites, reforestation strategies may be developed in consultation with design teams and technical agencies to jump start the forest succession process, increase plant diversity, create habitats and improve fauna connectivity.

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Fauna relocation

Where suitable and needed, we propose fauna relocation for species affected by construction in consultation with technical agencies. Feasibility studies prior to the relocation include the scouting of suitable host sites, and carrying out literature review on suitable host sites to ensure that as much as possible, affected individuals remain in similar environments.

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Focal faunal species surveys

We help to monitor focal faunal species groups to assess and understand changes in species behaviour due to ongoing construction works. With the data collected, we provide recommendations on site- and species-specific wildlife management strategies.

Notable Projects

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J107

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Mandai West Arrival Node & Bird Park

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Mandai Resort

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Rifle Range Nature Park

Rifle Range Nature Park development mockup by National Parks Board

Habitat Enhancement, Creation & Design

Camphora works with master planners, architects and landscape architects to develop habitat enhancement and creation strategies to improve the quality of existing habitats within forests, freshwater water bodies, mangrove and marine ecosystems. Our habitat enhancement and design approaches prioritise increasing habitat, enhancing wildlife connectivity, improving ecological functions to try to achieve a net gain in biodiversity. 

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Setting the objectives

Key to habitat enhancement and creation strategies is identifying the crucial ecological outcomes that are needed for the site. Camphora uses biodiversity baseline studies and literature reviews to identify gaps and understand the ecological potential of the prevailing site, including looking at Master Plans in adjacent sites and reviewing the need to future-proof green areas for connectivity.

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Provide design consultancy

Camphora’s team of diverse flora, fauna and habitat specialists come together to provide rational, factual and science-based inputs to evolve ecological designs. Our team’s interdisciplinary experience and considerations in design, engineering, hydrology and construction allow us to contribute effectively to discussions and to derive practical and cost-efficient approaches to achieving the best ecological outcomes.

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Monitoring
establishing habitats

Monitoring of establishing habitats is important to understand and gauge the effectiveness of the initial recommendations. Camphora has experience in devising scientific and robust processes to look at the growth or usage of floral or faunal species during the establishing periods. These monitoring regimes allow for real time observations to be integrated into ongoing deliberate measures to ensure the success of habitat enhancement initiatives.

Notable Projects

Yusof Ishak secondary school

Yusof Ishak Secondary School

Jurong Lake Gardens plants and walkway

Jurong Lakeside Garden

Rifle Range nature park and stream

Rifle Range Nature Park

Mangrove restoration

Mangroves and intertidal shorelines are ecologically valuable habitats. The loss of mangroves has cascading impacts on ecological processes and diversity. Camphora’s range of competencies in mangrove habitats extends beyond identification of rare mangrove flora and fauna, to shoreline restoration works and collection and nursery propagation of mangrove propagules for installation on site.

Mangrove & Coastal Habitat Restoration

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Assess habitat quality

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Propose SPR  measures

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Large tree transplant

We bring our passion for mangrove plants into our work capturing detailed flora and fauna information onsite in order to establish a comprehensive baseline assessment of mangrove habitat quality. This information is then used to influence developments at proximity to mangroves and to inform shoreline protection and restoration (SPR) measures.

Mangrove and shoreline protection and restoration works are complicated and require assimilation of layers of information from a multitude of specialists including coastal engineers, hydrologists and modellers. Camphora gels this information with our broad understanding of mangrove plant characteristics (growth rates, propagation and establishment requirements)  in order to achieve the best protection and restoration outcomes.

Our recommendations follow core principles of learning and working from nature and nature-based designs and solutions to address site-specific challenges of protecting mangroves and shorelines. Our baseline assessments help the incorporation of habitat enhancement strategies into the design of hard structures.  

Notable Projects

Mangrove nursary propogation

Pulau Tekong Mangrove Restoration

Rhizophora mangrove tree

Pulau Ubin Shoreline Works & Coastal Boardwalk

Rain tree transplanting

Tree conservation is at the core of Camphora’s conservation ideology. Although arboriculture is an urban discipline, arboriculture principles are relevant and essential for developments near or within forests. To date, Camphora has worked on more than 500 arboriculture projects locally and overseas ranging in complexity from master planning to conservation of large tembusu trees within developments facing land use constraints. In addition, we have the capabilities to formulate transplanting strategies for very large trees.

Arboriculture

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Tree Conservation 
& Design

The arborist team is proficient in hazard tree evaluation and construction impact assessment for trees affected by development. We deploy scientific equipment like IML Resistographs and PICUS tomography to understand the retention value of trees. We provide tree consultation services for master plans, new developments and established landscapes and work with design team and builders to recommend construction solutions at proximity to conserved trees and to guide submissions for authority clearances.

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Transplanting
large trees

Large tree transplants are technically challenging to execute due to the tedious coordination of the transplant process and the complex science behind ensuring that the transplant survives and is structurally stable post-transplant. Camphora has a standing professional team that can be called upon to plan and execute large transplants. This team includes professional engineers, competent arboriculture tree-climbing teams and large crane operators that have years of experience on similar projects.

Notable Projects

Arborculture tree trimming

St Andrew's Cathedral

Rain Tree transplanting

Terminal 4 Rain Tree Transplant

BASF Learning Campus

BASF Learning Campus 

Photo Credits: COEN Design Pte Ltd

 
 
 
 
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Baseline & Impact Assessment 

SENTOSA DEEP GRAVITY SEWER (2020)

Client: Sentosa Development Corporation

NANYANG PIPELINE (2020)

Client: Public Utilities Board

NEO TIEW LAND PREPARATION WORKS (2020)

Client: National Environment Agency

YISHUN NEIGHBOURHOOD 5 (2020)

Client: Housing and Development Board

MOUNT PLEASANT MASTER PLAN (2019)

Client: Housing and Development Board

MOUNT FABER FUNICULAR SYSTEM AND MASTER PLAN (2019)

Client: Mount Faber Leisure Group  

SENTOSA ALPINE COASTER (2019)

Client: Sentosa Development Corporation

WOODLANDS NORTH COAST (2019)

Client: Housing and Development Board

SUNGEI BULOH WETLAND RESERVE (2018)

Client: Singapore Police Force  

BROOKVALE FOREST (2018)

Client: Hoi Hup Realty

PULAU UBIN SHORELINE WORKS &

COASTAL BOARDWALK (2018)

Client: National Parks Board

PULAU SEMAKAU (2018)

Client: National Environment Agency  

SISTERS’ ISLAND MARINE PARK (2018)

Client: National Parks Board

SPRINGLEAF FOREST  CONSERVATION PLANNING (2018)

Client: National Parks Board, Urban Redevelopment Authority

BAHAR/ CLEANTECH PARK  MASTER PLAN (2018)

Client: JTC Corporation

BULIM PHASE 2 MASTER PLAN (2018)

Client: JTC Corporation

JURONG ECO GARDEN (2017)

Client: JTC Corporation

THOMSON, BUKIT BATOK NATURE  PARKS (2016)

Client: National Parks Board

RAPID TRANSPORT SYSTEM (2015)

Client: Land Transport Authority  

CROSS ISLAND LINE PHASE 2 (On-going)

Client: Land Transport Authority

ENVIRONMENTAL BASELINE STUDY AT THE

LIM CHU KANG REGION (On-going)

Client: Singapore Food Agency

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AT

KEPPEL & SURROUNDING AREAS (2022)

Client: Housing and Development Board &

Urban Redevelopment Authority

SOUTHERN TENGAH/TENGAH TOWN (2021)

Client: Housing and Development Board

potted plant

Mangrove & Coastal Habitat Restoration 

PULAU TEKONG MANGROVE RESTORATION (2009)

Client: Housing  and Development Board

PULAU UBIN SHORELINE WORKS & COASTAL BOARDWALK (2018)

Client: National Parks Board

tree

Arboriculture

ST ANDREW’S CATHEDRAL

(since 2012)

Arboriculture

Client: St Andrew’s Cathedral

CHANGI AIRPORT, TERMINAL 4 (2017)

Horticulture

Client: Changi Airport Group

TERMINAL 4 RAIN TREE TRANSPLANT (2016)

Arboriculture

Client: Changi Airport Group

PUNGGOL DIGITAL DISTRICT (2016)

Arboriculture

Client: JTC Corporation

THE SIENA (2014)

Arboriculture

Client: Far East Organisation 

 

BISHAN-BRADDELL DRAINAGE  IMPROVEMENT WORKS (2014)

Arboriculture

Client: Public Utilities Board

BISHAN - ANG MO KIO PARK (2009)

Arboriculture and Horticulture

Client: Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl

BASF Learning Campus (2014)

Arboriculture

Client: BASF 

buildings

Habitat Enhancement,
Creation & Design

YUSOF ISHAK SECONDARY  SCHOOL (2018)

Client: Ministry of Education

BAY EAST (2019)

Client: Gardens by the Bay 

BIDADARI HDB C15 & 16 (2020)

Client: Housing and Development Board

HUDHUFUSHI RESORT, MALDIVES (2018)

Client: Salad Dressing

RESEARCH ON MAINTENANCE OF URBAN 

LANDSCAPES (2020)

Client: National University of Singapore

JURONG ECO GARDEN (2021)

Client: Ramboll Studio Dreisetl

RIFLE RANGE NATURE PARK (On-going)

Client: National Parks Board

binoculars

Environmental Management & Monitoring

BUKIT TIMAH GOLF COMPLEX  (2020)

Client: Temasek Club

MANDAI RESORT  (On-going)

Client: Mandai Park Holdings

MANDAI WEST ARRIVAL NODE & BIRD PARK 

(On-going)

Client: Mandai Park Holdings

J107  (On-going)

Client: Land Transport Authority

RIFLE RANGE NATURE PARK (On-going)

Client: National Parks Board

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Contact Us

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